A nucleus is a system of protons and neutrons, themselves composed of further sub-constituents (quarks), held together by the strong force.
The broad aim of Nuclear Physics research is to study the properties and structure of nuclei, and the mechanisms involved in their creation. This poses questions about the limits of nuclear stability, the fundamental physical processes which governed the formation of light nuclei in the first moments after the Big Bang, and the subsequent synthesis of heavier nuclei within stars.
Nuclear Physics research provides technologies which are transferable to wider applications, benefiting society in a range of areas including medicine, power production and security.
Research in this field comprises the design and research and development of detector systems, experimental work which is carried out at specific overseas facilities, data analysis, and a complementary theoretical programme.
The Nuclear Physics programme can be divided into four broad areas of research:
STFC funds an active experimental and theoretical programme in Nuclear Physics in the research areas mentioned above.. UK research groups have won experimental beam time on a wide range of international facilities and lead many international physics programmes at facilities such as Isolde, Jyvaskyla, GSI, MaxLab, GANIL and JLAB.
Information on STFC funded Nuclear Physics programmes can be found in the links below.
CERN, founded in 1954 and situated on the France-Swiss border near Geneva, is a world leading laboratory using the largest and most complex scientific instruments to study fundamental particles. ALICE, an STFC funded project, is one of the four main experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
The ISOL-SRS project major component of a wider European initiative that will exploit the heavy ion storage-ring facility, TSR, to be installed at the HIE-ISOLDE radioactive-beam accelerator at CERN. The UK will construct two high-resolution, high-efficiency detector sub-systems for the storage ring that will allow high-resolution measurements of nuclear reactions for the full range of masses of radioactive beams available at HIE-ISOLDE.
Situated in Newport News on the south eastern coast of Virginia, Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) is one of the world’s leading facilities for hadron physics. There has been strong UK involvement at JLab since 1996, supported by STFC and EPSRC funding.
The STFC Nuclear Physics Group, along with the Universities of Birmingham, Brighton, Edinburgh, Liverpool, Manchester, Surrey, West of Scotland and York are currently funded by STFC, to construct components for three experiments in the NUSTAR project for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research laboratory at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany:
STFC's Nuclear Physics Group is based at the Daresbury Laboratory. The group's main role is to support and contribute to the UK's Nuclear Structure research programme.
The members of Nuclear Physics Group offer expertise in a number of different specialised areas. They are involved in the design and installation of equipment in facilities around the world. The group responds to requests for support from the UK nuclear physics community and others. The nuclear physicists in the group also have their own research programmes which are carried out at international facilities, often in collaboration with other groups.
For further information on funding for nuclear physics, please see the funding page.
The Nuclear Physics Advisory Panel provides a link between STFC Science Board and the nuclear physics community, and represents the needs of the community to STFC.
Nuclear Physics positively influences our daily lives, through advances in technology, health, and energy production, and yet is often misunderstood by the general public.