KMOS is a second-generation instrument for the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT). KMOS is a collaboration between the STFC UK Astronomy Technology Centre, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxford University and Durham University.  It is a unique design of a near-infrared multi-object spectrograph which uses deployable integral field units to obtain spatially-resolved spectra for multiple target objects selected from within an extended field of view.  

KMOS will make use of integral-field spectroscopy to examine the physics of galaxies at the highest redshifts, its unique design will enable the study of the spectra of 24 objects simultaneously.  Some of the areas of study will include:

  • Galaxy cluster formation and the morphology-density relation
  • The masses and growth of galaxies
  • Extremely high-redshift galaxies and re-ionisation
  • Nearby galaxy star formation
  • High-mass star formation

Completion was in 2012.

UK Involvement

STFC UK Astronomy Technology Centre

University of Durham

University of Oxford

Science and Technology Facilities Council Switchboard: 01793 442000